The 4 Forces of Growth

We’re about a third of the way through this year, and it feels as if we’ve already burned a year’s worth of energy. Many people have slipped into troubleshooting, problem solving and pivoting within their businesses and I’ve seen some amazing ways that teams have rallied to change, improve and come out stronger and more unified. It’s incredibly impressive.

So, now that we’ve made it through this initial storm, the key is to make sure that we become masters of prioritizing and focusing on what matters most. Unfortunately, when things become more chaotic – as they likely will be for a while – and there are many different perspectives and opinions, people often put their energy where their logic tells them. And they won’t find out, until a few months down the road, that it might not have been the best choice. That’s when the difference between strategic thinkers and amazing executers start to show up.

Some people, for whatever reason, are better at figuring out the higher impact places to put their energy, and what to leave alone. Whether this is you, or not, the key is to have the right tools to help you and your team pick what matters the most – and to ensure you don’t get distracted and deluded by logical thought in an illogical time.

Defying Logic

From the beginning of recorded history, there have been people who pursued ideas and actions that defied logic. Like Leonardo Da Vinci who conceived a flying machine well before the Wright brothers took to the sky, or scientists in the 1700s who began to think that disease was caused by micro-organisms rather than bad blood or bad air.

These unique people were drawn to hard, risky pursuits that contained very little instant gratification and, in many cases, sustained struggle and sacrifice. They were motivated and inspired by the impact of their pursuits and had the courage to push ahead – even when the logic of the day told them otherwise.

Last August, I started work on a new book about this topic and, little did I realize that it would become incredibly important six months later. The premise of the book is to find a simple way to help people to evaluate their decisions – to truly understand if their priorities really help or hinder their growth.

I’m fascinated by people who do the unthinkable and continue to defy logic, to persevere and succeed. After much research, I chose the analogy of flight and the pilots who defy gravity for extended periods of time. CEOs and pilots are very similar, both from a leadership perspective and they ways they make amazing things happen.

The 4 Forces of Growth

In an airplane, pilots have to pay attention to the principles of flight – Lift, Thrust, Weight and Drag:

4 forces of flight

  • Lift is created by the wings and contrasted by the weight of the plane and gravity. When you get lift and thrust you get altitude
  • The thrust of the engines pushing the plane forward is fought by drag, the resistance of air.

Pilots – just like a CEO – must pay attention to these principles or they’ll quickly succumb to the forces of gravity.

Here’s how this relates to the world of a CEO and leader:

  • Lift happens when leaders lift their heads to look at opportunities – the future possibilities that help the business to get to a higher altitude of more revenue, more customers, more profit
  • Weight are the problems we get sucked into
  • Thrust is the courage to push ahead, make decisions and get into action
  • Drag is fear and doubt as we spend too much time contemplating, delay decisions and are less likely to act boldly.

4 forces of growth

Opportunities and Problems, Fear and Courage are the 4 Forces of Growth that shape and define four states we can find ourselves in, at any given time: Agony, Analysis, Growth and Improvement.

4 forces model

  • Growth is the result of courage and opportunity: increased revenue, new customers, new products, new services, new markets. It’s solving a problem for somebody new or solving a new problem for someone you already work with. It’s not about doing what you already do today – it’s about expanding in some way.

Growth is the accountability of CEOs who should be spending most of their thinking and action time in that box. And if the CEO is not, it’s very difficult for the company to grow.

  • Improvement is when you have the courage to move ahead but your energy is focused on solving problems. While improvement is good, it won’t grow a business on its own. It can make customers happier, improve margins and costs, and streamline operations. It’s wonderful and equally dangerous.

This box is normally owned by the COO who needs to be focused on making things better. The challenge here is understanding the problems that need to be solved and the problems that need to be ignored. Knowing how to make the decision on which problem to focus, or not, is the value of an amazing CEO or COO. (We’ll talk more about this, in future.)

You could stay in this box all day long and that’s the risk because problems never go away. In many companies we work with, that are really focused on growth, we leave a couple of percent in the expense structure of the business for problems that we continue to pay for, so that we can reallocate more energy into growth. These are strategic decisions that generally only a good CEO can make – to not solve problems and to not optimize all their costs so that they can grow healthily and quickly.

  • Analysis is on the other side of courage. This is where you look at opportunities but you’re fearful or hesitant to make a decision. This box is generally mastered by the CFO – the yin to the CEOs yang – who challenges and throws reality and practicality at some of the CEOs strategy thinking. That’s why the CEO or CFO pairing is so critical.

A certain amount of analysis is very good. We need it but, at a certain point, we also need to make a decision, a test or a move, so only being an analysis obviously isn’t good. The question is how much do we need?

Depending on the CEO, this can vary. If you have a very growth-oriented, visionary CEO more analysis is often needed for balance. And a fairly analytical CEO might not lead as much on the CFO for additional analysis.

  • Agony happens when you’re a fearful victim, stuck in problems, and indecisive. This is analysis paralysis – a very painful place where problems become overwhelming and you can’t find your way out. This is possibly the most dangerous state of all because it can degrade the mental health of individuals, of teams and, in a worst-case scenario, the entire company.

To move across the line into improvement, you need to find – or borrow or rent – the courage to do something.

Generally, audit/legal/compliance own this box, and they need to look at problems, in order to keep us from getting into trouble. While we need to be compliant, and aware of the problems that can really hurt us, we also need to make decisions and move ahead. You don’t grow a business here.

A Matter of Time

As you look at this model, where is your time spent?

4 forces of leadership

Some CEOs would say they want to be 80% growth, 9% analysis, 9% improvement and 2% agony. And others – depending on the state of their business and the strength of their team – might be 40% growth, 10% analysis, 40% improvement and 10% agony.

While there’s no right answer here, the key is being conscious of where you and your team actually spend your time, and to make sure your focus is in the right place.

The reality is that you just can’t expect to have a company that grows 30% per year, year on year, if the CEO spends 10% of their time in the growth box.

Red Flags

When we do strategic planning sessions with companies, we always try to make sure there’s enough energy allocated to the Growth box for the company to reach its goals. And, obviously, we’re always analyzing and improving things, in the business, so that it gets stronger as it gets bigger.

A red flag is when the CEO of a growing company spends too much time administering or analyzing their business, versus doing the things that create growth.

Sometimes these are easy distractions that may create a lot of noise and seem important, but they aren’t the best use of your time.

In our next blog post, we’ll dig further into the right-hand side of model: how to know in which of your growth opportunities and your improvement opportunities you should invest – and which to ignore.

The Challenge

  • Think about how much time you spend in the growth box. What would be ideal?
  • How much time do you spend in the improvement, analysis and agony boxes?
  • Now think about your team. How much of your time do they spend in these areas and what would be ideal?